What is Influenza, Symptoms and Treatment?

Although the flu is very common, it can be dangerous for people with a weakened immune system. Read about influenza in children.

What is influenza?

Influenza [flu] is a lung infection, which is caused by a virus. People can get the flu at any time of the year, but it is common in the fall and winter.

Common flu symptoms

People who have the flu have some or all of the following symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Muscle aches
  • Headache
  • Sore throat
  • Cough
  • weakness

Most of these symptoms last for 2 to 7 days. Cough and weakness can last up to 6 weeks. It can make exercise and daily activities difficult.

The Flu Can Be Dangerous For Some People.

Most people who have the flu will not be seriously ill, but for some people, the flu can be dangerous. Especially those who are most at risk will be in this group:

People who are 65 years of age or older.

People who live in long-term care buildings, such as nursing homes, the elderly’s homes, or people in a chronic disease care hospital who have chronic heart, lung, or kidney disease.

People with diabetes, cancer, immune system problems, blood cell breakdown.

Children and adolescents aged 6 months to 18 years who have been treated for a long period of time with ASA (acetylsalicylic acid or aspirin). Very young children are people between the ages of 6 months and 24 months who have difficulty clearing mucus from the nose and throat due to weakness or actual illness.

Someone who lives or works in this group of people. He should be vaccinated against the flu. Thus, people with a higher risk of flu are less likely to be infected. The flu vaccine is discussed further in the following pages.

Treating The Flu

Usually, the treatment is for a person who has symptoms. It is focused on. For example, if your child has a fever, you can give him acetaminophen (Tylenol) to reduce the fever.

There are also medications to treat the flu for patients 1 year and older. Contact your child’s doctor for more information.

How Does The Flu Spread?

The flu is easily spread through the sneezing and coughing of an infected person. It is also spread by touching objects that have been touched by a flu-infected person before.

If Your Child Gets The Flu In The Hospital.

  • Your child will be kept in a separate room and will not be allowed into the playroom until he or she is well. Ask the child’s life specialist to bring toys and other items to your room.
  • Hospital staff will wear masks, eye protection, gloves, and gowns whenever they visit.
  • Wash your hands often before and after touching your baby and before leaving your child’s room, or with a solution based on alcohol or soap and water. Hospital staff should wash their hands in the same way.
  • If you or someone else becomes ill with flu symptoms, tell your child’s doctor or nurse.

Protect Against The Flu

The following are ways to avoid the flu.

  • Wash your hands thoroughly. This can prevent you from getting flu or spreading it. This is very important in the hospital, but it is similarly fine for other places.
  • Get vaccinated against the flu every year.
  • There are some medications that can be used in certain situations to help protect against the flu when a person is exposed to the virus.
  • If you have the flu, do the following to prevent it from spreading.
  • Whenever you cough or sneeze, cover your mouth with tissue paper. Throw away the tissue paper. Then wash your hands. This measure will help prevent the spread of flu and other respiratory viruses.
  • When you are sick with flu symptoms, do not go to the hospital for an appointment. Anyone who is sick should not go to the hospital to see the patient, even if they are relatives.

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