HIV And Your Child
Find out how to reduce the risk of HIV transmission to your baby and how your doctor can tell if your baby has HIV after the baby is born with HIV testing.
If HIV-positive mothers do not use medication during pregnancy, one in four children may become infected with HIV. Taking medication for both mother and baby can reduce the risk of HIV. It is important to monitor the side effects of the medication after giving it to the child.
What is HIV?
HIV (Human Immune Deficiency) means the loss of immunity from the body due to the virus. HIV is a virus that attacks certain cells in the body’s immune system. It gradually weakens the immune system. People are at risk of contracting other dangerous diseases, including HIV. They are called HIV positive, people who are not affected are called HIV negative. Most babies get HIV from their mothers. HIV is transmitted to a baby during pregnancy, at birth, or by breastfeeding.
If you are HIV positive and a mother of children, the following pages will tell you how to reduce your child’s risk of contracting HIV. Your child is less likely to get HIV. If the mother should be careful before pregnancy, during pregnancy, and after birth. All pregnant women or women who are about to become mothers must be tested for HIV.
If a pregnant woman has HIV and does not take medication during pregnancy or childbirth, there is a 25% chance that the disease may be transmitted to the baby. One in four children may be ill. If the following steps are taken, your child can be protected from HIV. Taking the medicine during the first three months of your pregnancy will reduce the viral load of HIV and will not be seen in the test.
You are given medicine during the birth process. This vaccine is administered intravenously with a drug called AZT, which dissolves in the blood. Your baby also needs to take AGT for six weeks after birth.
Taking the above steps reduces the risk of infection in a child by less than 1%, which means that one in a hundred children may become ill.
Your Child Needs An HIV Test.
The doctor cannot tell by looking at the child that your child has HIV. Most children with HIV look the same as normal children. If a child has a rosary infection, it could be an HIV-related or common infection.
Test for HIV
Your doctor will take a blood test after your baby is born and more when the baby is one month and two months old. This test is called PCR, which is called a polymerase chain reaction. It detects HIV in your baby’s blood. It takes a month to get the test results. If the test does not show evidence of the virus, it means that the baby is safe.
The HIV test for adults and older children is called an antibody test. Antibodies are those that strengthen your body’s immune system. When a child has a minor illness, they are vaccinated. His body makes antibodies against the infection. If someone has antibodies to HIV in their body, it means they have HIV. Therefore, the antibody test helps to detect HIV antibodies in the blood. Remember, HIV antibodies cannot protect against HIV.
Crossing the placenta of the body’s HIV immune system
The mother’s blood in the placenta does not mix with the baby’s blood. The body’s immune system can pass HIV, but not the HIV virus. Therefore, the presence of HIV in the body cannot be properly detected by the body’s immune system.
The baby’s AZT medication will start from the first day of birth. You need to give this medicine to your child four times a day for six weeks. This medicine will reduce the risk of HIV in the baby.